Qualitative Dissertation: Qualitative Data Analysis & Coding Qualitative Data
What are inductive and deductive approaches to coding qualitative data?
I have worked with over 5000 doctoral candidates over the past 17 years. I found that most of the students I work with do not understand that there are multiple ways to code qualitative data. Qualitative research is like an umbrella with multiple spokes and colors. In general, deductive and inductive approaches are some of the ways to code qualitative data.
What is a deductive approach to code qualitative data?
A deductive approach involves a top-down approach to coding qualitative data. Using this approach, researchers formulate pre-set coding schemes. Sometimes these schemes are based on emerging themes from a literature review, report, and etc. Researcher’s setup the codes and define them according to the source (e.g. literature review, support, etc.). Once the coding scheme is established, the researcher applies the codes to the text.
What is an inductive approach to code qualitative data?
An inductive approach is bottom-up. Codes are derived from the data. Participants’ words or in vivo codes are used to code the data. These codes are build and modified throughout the coding process.
In my experience, I have found that most studies are part deductive and inductive. The primary approach you use is dependent upon what you are investigating.
Please contact Dr. Beckwitt for a Free consultation to discuss the best approach for your project.